Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895m – 19340ft) is the highest mountain in Africa and the tallest free-standing mountain on the Earth’s land surface, rising above 4,600 meters (15,000ft) above the surrounding plains and savannahs.
Kilimanjaro is a triple volcano (it has three peaks) that last erupted more than 100,000 years ago but still exudes volcanic gases. Whilst climbing it you will pass from a tropical to an arctic climate in just a few days. The encircling rain forest ensures the fertility of the lush, lower-lying shamba (country), where the ‘chagga’ people cultivate their coffee, maize and bananas and monkeys, birds and antelope abound. Elephants and buffalo range through the forest, and leopards are occasionally seen. Surprisingly you may meet herds of eland as high as the saddle between Kibo and Mawenzi, the two highest summits of Kilimanjaro. Most fit individuals with some mountain walking experience can make it to the top of Africa.
Below are the routes to reach to the top of Mt. Kilimanjaro.
Marangu: 5-6 days The “Coca-Cola-Route” very popular. Gentle gradients and long sections up to 4,700 m. Beautiful forests and Moor lands. Sleeps in comfortable, but basic shared huts. The 6 day variant provides good time for acclimatization.
Machame: 6-7 days The “Whiskey-Route” Most popular route since 012. Beautiful forest, very good for acclimatization, scenic traverse to Barafu. Camping.
Lemosho: 8-9 days long access drive, remote, less frequented. Beautiful forests, scenic traverse to Barafu. Camping. Excellent for acclimatization.
Rongai: 6-7 days Long access drive, remote, less frequented. Fine, wild, hing-altitude mountain scenery. Camping. Good for acclimatization.
Umbwe: 6-7 days Shortest and steepest route, tough. Beautiful forest, spectacular ridge, good for acclimatization, scenix traverse to Barafu. Camping.
Shira: 6-7 days Traverses the large and beautiful Shira Plateau to join the Machame Route. Camping.
Northern Circuit: The newest route offers excellent views and terrain from all sides of the mountain, including the quiet, rarely visited northern slopes.
How To Get There:
The best airport to fly to is Kilimanjaro international airport (code JRO). If you are unable to find flights to Kilimanjaro airport can you reserve flights to either Nairobi airport, Kenya or Dar es Salaam airport, Tanzania. You will need to join a connecting flight to Kilimanjaro airport or bus transfer to Moshi town or Arusha town for the start of your climb.